Dr. J. Mack Aldridge has an extensive portfolio of published reviews, case studies, and research. From elbow and wrist arthritis, carpal tunnel, and biceps tendinitis, to treatment approaches such as thumb (CMC) arthroplasty, tendon repair, and microsurgery, he has and continues to cover a broad range of orthopedic subject matter. Take a look at the summaries below to learn more about Dr. Aldridge’s published work.

1. “Interobserver and Intraobserver Reliability of Radiographic Classification of Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations.”

As co-author, Dr. Aldridge contributes insight into a study of 200 patients with acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries to determine the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the Rockwood classification system. The results and conclusions of the study reveal limited interobserver and intraobserver reliability, which in turn, may lead to inconsistent treatment of patients with related classified injuries.

Ringenberg JD, Foughty Z, Hall AD, Aldridge JM 3rd, Wilson JB, Kuremsky MA.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2018 Mar;27(3):538-544. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2017.09.021. Epub 2017 Nov 22. PMID: 29174018

2. “Percutaneous Treatment of Unstable Scaphoid Waist Fractures

In this study, Dr. Aldridge offers his expertise regarding the union and complication rates associated with manual closed reduction and percutaneous screw placement for unstable, displaced scaphoid waist fractures. The results, which determined the technique to be safe and effective when a manual reduction is viable (and less invasive compared with an open technique), was based on a study of 28 patients with isolated unstable, displaced scaphoid waist fractures.

Matson AP, Garcia RM, Richard MJ, Leversedge FJ, Aldridge JM, Ruch DS.

Hand (N Y). 2017 Jul;12(4):362-368. DOI: 10.1177/1558944716681948. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

PMID: 28644940 Free PMC article.

3. “Malunions and Nonunions of the Forearm

Dr. Aldridge contributes his expertise in upper extremity fractures, revealing the value in restoration of the forearm, understanding of the anatomical relationships of the forearm in producing positive functional outcomes.

Richard MJ, Ruch DS, Aldridge JM 3rd.

Hand Clin. 2007 May;23(2):235-43, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2007.02.005.

PMID: 17548014 Review.

4.Acute Distal Radioulnar Joint Instability

This review explores the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) and its importance in upper extremity function. Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors conclude that when assessed and stabilized in the acute setting, chronic DRUJ instability can be bypassed.

Garrigues GE, Sabesan V, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2008 Winter;17(4):262-6.

PMID: 19138499 Review.

5.Perioperative Glucocorticoid Administration Improves Elbow Motion in Terrible Triad Injuries

A study involving 26 patients diagnosed with terrible triad elbow injuries (TTEI) were tested to see if perioperative glucocorticoid (GC) therapy would improve pain, range of motion, and complications rates (compared to those who did not receive GC therapy). The outcome confirmed that GC therapy did improve range of motion, while pain and complication rates remained similar between patients treated and not treated with GC therapy.

Desai MJ, Matson AP, Ruch DS, Leversedge FJ, Aldridge JM 3rd, Richard MJ.

J Hand Surg Am. 2017 Jan;42(1):41-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2016.11.011.

PMID: 28052827

6.Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head: Role of Vascularized Bone Grafts

Aldridge JM 3rd, Urbaniak JR.

Dr. Aldridge contributes his experience and knowledge in treating osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head. Alongside Dr. Urbaniak, Dr. Aldridge shares both the challenges and successes of addressing ON utilizing the free vascularized fibular graft (FVFG) via the intraosseous approach.

Orthop Clin North Am. 2007 Jan;38(1):13-22, v. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2006.10.012.

PMID: 17145291 Review.

7.Scaphoid Nonunions Treated with Two Headless Compression Screws and Bone Grafting

A study consisting of 19 patients was conducted to evaluate union and complication rates when two headless compression screws and bone grafting were used to address scaphoid nonunions. In addition to confirming that two headless compression screws are safe and effective in treating scaphoid nonunions, a variety of bone grafting approaches can also be utilized with this technique.

Garcia RM, Leversedge FJ, Aldridge JM, Richard MJ, Ruch DS.

J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Jul;39(7):1301-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.02.030. Epub 2014 May 1.

PMID: 24793227

8.Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Olecranon Bursitis: Case Reports and Literature Review

In this review of olecranon bursitis, Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors take a closer look at how unusual pathogens infect the olecranon bursa and how this affects proper diagnosis and treatment. A case study is also included, featuring three cases of olecranon bursitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria in healthy patients.

Garrigues GE, Aldridge JM 3rd, Toth AP, Stout JE.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009 Mar-Apr;18(2):e1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2008.07.009. Epub 2008 Nov 18. PMID: 19019704 No abstract available.

9.Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head: Etiology, Pathophysiology, Classification, and Current Treatment Guidelines

Aldridge JM 3rd, Urbaniak JR.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2004 Jul;33(7):327-32.

PMID: 15344574 No abstract available.

10.Traumatic Valgus Instability of the Elbow: Pathoanatomy and Results of Direct Repair

This case study follows 11 athletes presenting acute rupture of the medial collateral ligament of the elbow (with no history of dislocation) between 1996 and 2006. All patients were followed for a minimum of 16 months after their avulsed flexor-pronator tendon was repaired to the residual tendon (using interrupted figure-of-eight nonabsorbable sutures). Direct repair resulted in valgus stability, allowing 9 of the 11 patients to return to competitive college athletics between four and six months (after the repair).

Richard MJ, Aldridge JM 3rd, Wiesler ER, Ruch DS.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Nov;90(11):2416-22. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.G.01448.

PMID: 18978410

11.Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting for Treatment of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head Secondary to Hip Dislocation

In a review of 35 patients, Dr, Aldridge and his co-authors addressed

Free-Vascularized Fibular Grafting (FVFG) for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Conclusions of the study revealed that after 21 years, the majority of patients were able to keep their natural hips in addition to exhibiting improved hip function.

Garrigues GE, Aldridge JM 3rd, Friend JK, Urbaniak JR.

Microsurgery. 2009;29(5):342-5. DOI: 10.1002/micr.20648.

PMID: 19382157

12. Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting Preserves Athletic Activity Level in Patients with Osteonecrosis

A study involving athletic patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), Drl Aldridge and fellow experts, sought to learn if free vascularized fibular autografting (FVFG) is a successful means of treating athletes. Outcomes confirmed that FVFG is a viable therapeutic treatment for athletes diagnosed with (ONFH), while also reducing pain, increasing activity, and enabling most patients to resume athletic activity.

Sabesan VJ, Pedrotty DM, Urbaniak JR, Ghareeb GM, Aldridge JM.

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2012 Winter;21(4):242-5. DOI: 10.3113/jsoa.2012.0242.

PMID: 23327850

13.Vascularized Fibular Grafting for Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head with Unusual Indications

To determine if free vascularized fibular autografting (FVFG) was successful in addressing osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), Dr. Aldridge helped evaluate 154 patients. The published findings determined favorable outcomes of FVFG for many of the patients with ONFH.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Urbaniak JR.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 May;466(5):1117-24. doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0201-z. Epub 2008 Mar 21. PMID: 18357495 Free PMC article.

14.An Evidence-Based Review of a Single Surgeon’s Experience with Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release

This review explores the controversy concerning the viability of endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR), and its standing as a topic of debate for over two decades. The outcome of the review, which included results of 129 patients of varying ages, was that ECTR was largely successful with lower complication rates than standard open release approaches. Additionally, positive results were found to have a strong correlation to the surgeon’s expertise and abilities in performing ECTR.

Sabesan VJ, Pedrotty D, Urbaniak JR, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2012 Fall;21(3):117-21. DOI: 10.3113/jsoa.2012.0117.

PMID: 23199937

15.Combined Pectoralis Major and Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Transfer for Massive Rotator Cuff Deficiency

In a review of 11 patients with massive rotator cuff deficiency who received combined transfer of latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major tendons, Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors set out to evaluate results in shoulder function and range-of-motion. The assessment ultimately determined that combined transfer of latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major tendons, while safe, offer mixed outcomes in terms of shoulder function and range-of-motion results based on individual patients.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Atkinson TS, Mallon WJ.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec;13(6):621-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2004.04.003. PMID: 15570230

16.Acute Irreducible Distal Radioulnar Joint Dislocation. A Case Report

Garrigues GE, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Jul;89(7):1594-7. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.F.01566.

PMID: 17606800 No abstract available.

17.Free Vascularized Fibular Transfer for Femoral Head Osteonecrosis: Donor and Graft Site Morbidity

In a study of 946 patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), Dr. Aldridge reviewed morbidity associated with free vascularized fibular autografting (FVFG). Outcomes of the review concluded that while there was a measurable but acceptable morbidity risk in connection with FVFG, major complications were infrequent and minor complications typically improved over time.

Gaskill TR, Urbaniak JR, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Aug;91(8):1861-7. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.H.01105.

PMID: 19651942

18.Hip Incision Planning for Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting of the Proximal Femur: A Handy Tip

Dr. Aldridge helps to communicate the importance of accurately-placed incisions to successful outcomes in free vascularized fibular autografting (FVFG). Ultimately, the review concludes that a 10- to 15-cm incision enables access to the proximal femur and ascending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and veins.

Marchant MH Jr, Zura RD, Urbaniak JR, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2007 Winter;16(4):204-6.

PMID: 18053404

19.Comparison of Perioperative Complications in Patients with and Without Rheumatoid Arthritis who Receive Total Elbow Replacement

This study delves into the relationship of complications in connection with total elbow replacements for patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of the elbow. Results conclude that few complications occur after elbow replacement and that outcomes are similar for both patients with RA and those without.

Cook C, Hawkins R, Aldridge JM 3rd, Tolan S, Krupp R, Bolognesi M.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009 Jan-Feb;18(1):21-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2008.06.012.

PMID: 19095171

20.Traumatic Valgus Instability of the Elbow: Pathoanatomy and Results of Direct Repair. Surgical Technique

This study assesses the relationship between direct repair and acute traumatic medial collateral ligament ruptures. Dr. Aldridge’s research helps to reveal that upon review, avulsion of the elbow does indeed successfully restore valgus stability in patients, athletes included.

Richard MJ, Aldridge JM 3rd, Wiesler ER, Ruch DS.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Oct 1;91 Suppl 2:191-9. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00426.

PMID: 19805583

21.Median Nerve Entrapment in a Pediatric Both-Bone Forearm Fracture: Recognition and Management in the Acute Setting

This review covers a pediatric both-bone forearm fracture in a 13-year-old female patient and the results of her treatment. After being treated with acute open reduction and internal plate fixation and median nerve exploration, the patient’s nerve function was almost restored after 14 weeks following surgery. The overall case reinforces the importance of neurologic examination in all forearm fractures. It also showcases the recovery potential of a median nerve impacted by bony entrapment.

Hurst JM, Aldridge JM 3rd.

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2006 Winter;15(4):214-6.

PMID: 17313934

22.Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting for the Treatment of Postcollapse Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head. Surgical Technique

Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors review the relationship between osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and the collapse of the articular surface and arthrosis to determine the effectiveness of free vascularized fibular autografting (FVFG). Compared with patients who received nonoperative treatment, those treated with FVFG had better outcomes.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Berend KR, Gunneson EE, Urbaniak JR.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Mar;86-A Suppl 1:87-101. DOI: 10.2106/00004623-200403001-00012.

PMID: 14996926

23.Open Reduction Internal Fixation With Transverse Volar Plating for Unstable Proximal Interphalangeal Fracture-Dislocation: The Seatbelt Procedure

A study was conducted in which 17 patients with unstable intra-articular proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint fracture-dislocations were observed to learn any post-operative findings after volar transverse plate and screw technique treatment. The results demonstrated that patients experienced high-functioning range-of-motion.

Federer AE, Guerrero EM, Dekker TJ, Mithani SK, Aldridge JM 3rd, Ruch DS, Richard MJ.

Hand (N Y). 2020 Mar;15(2):201-207. DOI: 10.1177/1558944718790063. Epub 2018 Jul

PMID: 30056754

24.Avulsion of the Middle Genicular Artery: A Previously Unreported Complication of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair. A Case Report

Aldridge JM 3rd, Weaver JP, Mallon WJ.

Am J Sports Med. 2002 Sep-Oct;30(5):748-50. DOI: 10.1177/03635465020300052001.

PMID: 12239013 No abstract available.

25.Recurrent Compartment Syndrome: Two Cases and a Review of the Literature

An examination was conducted to learn more about the effects of a previous fasciotomy in relation to recurrent compartment syndrome following. The review concluded that patients with recurrent compartment syndrome should be managed the same as patients exhibiting primary compartment syndrome, with fasciotomy as a viable treatment for both.

Gaskill TR, Zura R, Aldridge JM 3rd.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010 Mar;39(3):141-3.

PMID: 20463987

26.Anterior Release of the Elbow for Extension Loss

This study highlighted 106 patients with flexion contracture who received anterior elbow release. Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors determined that compared with splinting, elbow release increased the total arc of motion following surgery.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Atkins TA, Gunneson EE, Urbaniak JR.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Sep;86(9):1955-60.

doi: 10.2106/00004623-200409000-00014.

PMID: 15342758

27.No Correlation Between Trapeziometacarpal Arthritis and Abductor Pollicis Longus Insertion

This study evaluates the effectiveness of surgical release for pollicis longus tendon slips to treat trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis. Ultimately, results demonstrated that this surgical release approach is not viable for this condition.

Roush TF, Aldridge JM, Berger RA, Rizzo M.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005 May;(434):138-42.

doi: 10.1097/01.blo.0000154180.33471.73.

PMID: 15864043

28.Open Calcaneal Fractures: Results of Operative Treatment

In a review of 19 patients with open fracture of the calcaneus, Dr. Aldridge and his coauthors set out to determine complication rates associated with surgical treatment. Findings reflected a high complication rate and confirm that definitive fracture stabilization should be delayed until soft-tissue coverage has been fully evaluated.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Easley M, Nunley JA.

J Orthop Trauma. 2004 Jan;18(1):7-11.

DOI: 10.1097/00005131-200401000-00002.

PMID: 14676550

29.Anterior Elbow Release for Post-Traumatic Flexion Contractures in Patients 21 Years or Younger

Dr. Aldridge participated in a review of 27 young patients (age 21 and younger) to assess the viability and outcome of elbow contracture release utilizing the anterior approach. The outcome confirmed that young people with elbow contractures did see improvement in range-of-motion following elbow contracture release, with a low risk of complications.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Katt B, Rizzo M, Beredjiklian P, Urbaniak JR.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2020 Apr 9:S1058-2746(20)30146-4.

doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2020.01.081.

Online ahead of print. PMID: 32279987

30.Hook of the Hamate Fractures in Competitive Golfers: Results of Treatment by Excision of the Fractured Hook of the Hamate.

This study explores seven competitive golfers with isolated fractures of the hook of the hamate to determine the effectiveness of excision repair. Findings ultimately revealed that early diagnosis and treatment, combined with excision leads to favorable outcomes, many times enabling competitive golfers to return to their sport (at the same level of competition).

Aldridge JM 3rd, Mallon WJ.

Orthopedics. 2003 Jul;26(7):717-9.

PMID: 12875568

31.Thermal Capsulorrhaphy of Bilateral Glenohumeral Joints in a Pediatric Patient with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Dr. Aldridge and his co-authors reviewed the viability of surgical capsulorrhaphy in addressing (Ehlers-Danlos syndrome) EDS-related joint laxity. Results found that two years after treating a nine-year-old female for EDS in both shoulders, thermal capsulorrhaphy was successful in eliminating multidirectional instability. And, thus, can be a viable solution for other children with EDS.

Aldridge JM 3rd, Perry JJ, Osbahr DC, Speer KP.

Arthroscopy. 2003 May-Jun;19(5): E41. DOI: 10.1053/jars.2003.50161.

PMID: 12724665

32.Avulsion of the Middle Genicular Artery: A Previously Unreported Complication of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair. A Case Report

Aldridge JM 3rd, Weaver JP, Mallon WJ.

Am J Sports Med. 2002 Sep-Oct;30(5):748-50.

DOI: 10.1177/03635465020300052001.

PMID: 12239013 No abstract available.

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